Organizing Information

May 2007 | 256pp

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Organizing Information
From the shelf to the web

G. G. Chowdhury and Sudatta Chowdhury

Tomorrow's LIS professionals will have to be conversant with all the tools and techniques for organizing information in different domains - from the library's shelves to the web and digital libraries. This core text covers the organization of the entire spectrum of information, and the principles, tools and techniques needed to do this effectively.
The most up-to-date textbook yet available on this subject, this comprehensive book covers everything from traditional cat & class, through to metadata, information architecture and the semantic web. Written by experienced lecturers in the subject, who have authored several other successful textbooks, this book provides both an overview of the whole field of information organization, as well as an easy-to-understand introduction to each of the individual topics, which can be followed up with further study by following the references at the end of each chapter.
The chapters cover:
  • cataloguing
  • bibliographic format
  • classification
  • subject indexing and vocabulary control
  • organization of digital information
  • metadata
  • mark-up languages
  • ontology
  • information architecture
  • the semantic web
  • current research, issues and trends.  
Readership: A key student text for all information and library studies courses, the book is also useful for practising LIS professionals who need an understanding of the various tools and techniques they need to master to effectively organize information.

1. Organizing information: what it means
  • Organization of information: what and why?
  • Classification
  • Purpose of classification
  • Cataloguing
  • Purpose of cataloguing
  • Library approaches to organizing information
  • About this book: why this book and for whom
  • Summary
  • Review questions
  • References
2. Information organization in different non-library environments
  • Introduction
  • The online database approach
  • The DBMS approach
  • The expert systems approach
  • Organization of information on the internet
  • New approaches to organizing information on the intranet and web
  • The semantic web
  • Summary
  • Review questions
  • References  
3. Cataloguing
  • Introduction
  • What is a library catalogue?
  • AACR2
  • The process of cataloguing
  • Subject access to catalogues
  • Implications of basic cataloguing rules on OPACs
  • Cataloguing of internet resources
  • FRBR (Functional Requirements of Bibliographic Records)
  • Entities and their relationships
  • Importance of the FRBR Model
  • Summary
  • Review Questions
  • References  
4. Bibliographic formats: MARC21 and others
  • Bibliographic formats
  • ISO 2709: format for bibliographic information interchange
  • MARC format
  • MARC 21
  • UNIMARC format
  • CCF
  • Summary
  • Review questions
  • References  
5. Library classification
  • What is library classification and why?
  • Classification schemes
  • Types of bibliographic classification schemes
  • Major library classification schemes
  • Dewey main classes
  • Classification of electronic resources
  • Summary
  • Review questions
  • References  
6. Subject heading lists and thesauri in information organization
  • Vocabulary control tools
  • Subject heading lists and thesauri
  • Thesauri
  • Subject headings lists and thesauri in the organization of internet resources
  • Summary
  • Review Questions
  • References  
7. Organization of internet information resources
  • Typical characteristics of web information resources
  • Metadata: why not bibliographic formats?
  • Bibliographic classification schemes: are they suitable for organizing the web?
  • Subject heading lists: limitations for indexing internet resources
  • New tools and standards for managing internet information
  • The semantic web
  • Summary  
  • Review questions
  • References
8. Metadata
  • Metadata – what?
  • Metadata – why?
  • Metadata – types
  • Metadata standards
  • Dublin Core
  • Other metadata standards
  • ISAD and EAD
  • TEI
  • Metadata management
  • Summary
  • Review questions
  • References  
9. Markup languages
  • SGML
  • HTML
  • XML: origin and meaning
  • XML: what for?
  • HTML vs XML
  • Characteristics of XML
  • XML documents
  • DTD and XML Schema
  • Summary
  • Review questions
  • References  
10. Ontology
  • Ontology: origin and meaning
  • Ontology, taxonomy, and thesaurus
  • Some common examples of ontology
  • Ontologies: what do they do?
  • Building an ontology: guidelines and methods
  • Tools for building ontology
  • Ontology languages: DAML+OIL and OWL
  • OWL
  • Ontology: role in information organization and management
  • Summary
  • Review questions
  • References  
11. Information architecture
  • What is IA?
  • Why do we need an IA?
  • IA: what does it involve?
  • How to Build an IA?
  • Building an IA: approaches and stages
  • Outcome of an IA exercise
  • Summary
  • Review questions
  • References  
12. The Semantic web
  • What is the Semantic Web?
  • How does the Semantic web differ from the conventional web?
  • The semantic web technologies
  • URI – uniform resource identifier
  • RDF
  • Semantic web applications
  • Semantic web and information access
  • Summary
  • Review questions
  • References  
13. Information organization: issues and trends
  • Cataloguing: FRBR and semantic catalogue network
  • Metadata
  • Classification in the digital age
  • Ontologies
  • Semantic portals and ontologies
  • Semantic web technologies and digital libraries
  • User-driven classification of web resources
  • Conclusion
  • References

"This is a very thorough review of the area, and currency is very good."
- MmIT


"The Chowdhury's have provided a detailed and up-to-date text book on organizing information in the digital era. The content is of immense practical value for librarians and information professionals involved in both traditional and digital libraries."
- Libray Collections, Acquisitions and Technical Services

G.G. Chowdhury BSc MLISc PhD FCLIP is a Senior Lecturer at the Department of Computer and Information Sciences, University of Strathclyde. 

Sudatta Chowdhury BSc MLISc MPhil is a Researcher at the Department of Computer and Information Sciences, University of Strathclyde.

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